Explorations in History and Society

Exploring and Collecting the History of the Somali clan of Hawiye.

Silcis sultanate in Afgooye and El Amir rule in Merka

with 18 comments

Local traditions in the Afgooye district speak of the Silcis as despotic rulers. Their sultan enjoyed the ius primae noctis. He exacted tribute from the surrounding populations—by then largely consisting of the ancestors of the present-day Geledi and Wacdaan—in the form of durra and bun, and taxed all livestock which came to water at the river’s edge. The peoples subject to the sultan were compelled to pray at the mosque in Lama Jiidle, the center of Silcis administration. Apparently the Silcis co-opted a segment of the local population; traditions recall that allies of the ruling dynasty placed saab (conical wicker baskets) on the roof peaks of their houses to indicate their immunity from Silcis raids.

Some informants said that the Silcis were actually that section of the Ajuraan which governed the Afgooye district; others that they succeeded the Ajuraan as rulers of the area. In any case, the Silcis, too, were ousted from the lower Shabeelle valley by the combined forces of the Geledi and Wacdaan, whose present-day alliance is said to date from the end of the Silcis sultanate in the early eighteenth century. As with the accounts of Ajuraan decline, a number of different stories purport to explain the end of Silcis rule.

In the vicinity of Marka, a mysterious group known as the El Amir made its appearance in the years between 1650 and 1700. According to an account collected by Guillain in 1847, a leader known as Amir formed a following which invaded the territory of Marka and expelled the Ajuraan. The El Amir then ruled for thirty-four years until the Biimaal definitively occupied Marka.

It is tempting to view this Amir as a warrior-administrator who seceeded from the Ajuraan confederacy and formed a small principality of his own. Biimaal traditions, which associate the end of Ajuraan rule with the defeat of an emir, tend to support this hypothesis; but again, there is a tendency for traditions to confuse the demise of the Ajuraan with that of the El Amir. Guillain suggested that the El Amir were Abgaal; if this were true, their brief period of rule would fit the pattern of Gurqaate ascendancy following upon Ajuraan decline.

Rule by the Silcis and El Amir thus appears to represent the last phase of a period of theocratic government initially imposed by the Gareen. These small polities maintained for a time the form and some of the substance of Ajuraan rule, which helps account for their indistinguishability from the Ajuraan in many (particularly non-Hawiyya) traditions. With the disappearance of the El Amir and the Silcis—the Darandoolle imam remained as a titular clan leader in the Muqdisho area right into the twentieth century—the age of theocracy in southern Somalia came to an end. By the beginning of the eighteenth century, a new pattern of political alliances began to take shape, and the Ajuraan passed into memory and into oral tradition.

Afgooye in the 17th century.

References

The shaping of Somali society

Written by abshir100

July 12, 2009 at 2:41 am

18 Responses

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  1. HI ALL OF U AS I THINK THIS HISTORY IS THR……..

    IBRAAHIM AHMED NUUR

    August 2, 2009 at 4:20 pm

  2. HI YOU TO BRO IF U DONT BLIVE THIS HISTORY PLZ CONTACT ME BACAUSE I AM ONE OF THE FAMILY OF THE SULTANE WHON WAS BEEN RULLED BY AFGOI BEFORE LONG TIME AND STILL WE ARE IN AFGOI CITY COME IN AND I WILL WALCOME 2 U THANKS

    AHMED BARAKOW

    August 2, 2009 at 4:23 pm

  3. It is well know that the Begedi and the Galluweger have also played major role and they are not mentioned so it is really not complete history about what is writen about afgoi.

    Hamza Abu Mohamed

    March 16, 2010 at 9:29 pm

    • Walaal if you have any documents or evidence to proof your points, we would be more than happy to upload it. We are following strict guidelines and we only post information that can be substantiated and verified.

      daud jimale

      March 17, 2010 at 10:18 am

    • That is true and genuine evidence that Galluweger have played major role in emancaption of Geledi community in Afgio because Galluweger is believed to have started the war with the Ajuran Sultanate in Afgoi and killed the Ajuran General in the area. they have been well known warriors in the Digil & Mirifle community back in History of Somalia. currently there are some villages within Geledi territory ruled by Galluweger. However,some Historian wrote about some not solidly grounded histories about Afgoi; for example, some historian wrote about word of mouth from some unlettered people that creates confusion the true history of Somalia.

      Mohamed Mohamed

      April 9, 2010 at 2:24 pm

  4. Walaalayaal waxaan u baahna, walaalo silcic ama galadi ah oo aqoon u leh taariikhda qoyskooda, hadii ay ahaan lahayd sheekooyin fac ka fac afka la’isaga soo tabiyey ama qoraalo jira intaba. Mctashade@gmail.com
    Mahadsanidiin.

    Alibashi

    April 24, 2010 at 12:43 am

    • Walaal waxaan ahay nin ka dhashay Beesha Galadi waxaan ku siinaa tixraacyo wanaagsan waxaana ka heli kartaa taariikh kooban oo beesha galadi ah websiteka BBC sidoo kale waxaad kaheli kartaa kuwa sax oo ku qoran maqaar iyo qad odayaan degan degmada Afgooye waliba waa taariikh sax oo laqoray qarniyo ka hor.

      Bile Cumar Sheekh Cadde

      July 21, 2010 at 9:39 pm

  5. ASCW DHAMAN RUN AHANTI WAXAN AD ULA YABAY TARIRDA FOG E AY LEDAHAY AFGOYE IYO ILBAXNIMADA DADKA DEGA SIDA GELEDI.SILCIS.WACDAN BALSE SUASHA AYA AH INTAN KOR KU XUSAY YAA LOGU IMADAY MAGALADA AFGOYE? Fadlan jawabtina nogugu so dira e.m ahmed-alio@h
    mahadsanidin

    AHMED ALIO

    June 6, 2010 at 8:16 pm

  6. hotra galdi waan fahanay laakin siclis soo ku lahada afkooyo plz adinkoo ku mahadsan iska soo jawaba idoo koowan thanks

    keedi shaamboow

    December 23, 2010 at 2:17 am

  7. a.c walaal yaal waxaan codsnaa in la ii cadeeyo beesha ree silcis qabiil ahaan intey galaan waxaan jeclaan lahaa in sifiican la iigu sharxo meesha uu galo

    Hawa Ali Osman

    May 13, 2011 at 6:20 pm

    • Silcis waa qabiil ka tirsan Gorgaarte Hawiye

      abshir100

      May 30, 2011 at 2:06 am

    • ws walaal waa suaal aad uwanaagsan soomaaliyaa waxey tiri wax isweydiin maxumee wax isweydaaris baa daran. walaal silcis waa waa qabiil kamid ah qabiilada hawiye waxa keenay in sidaas loo aqoona waa aytira yaryihiin hada kala qeybsan macnaha deegaano kala fog kala degan. teeda kale dadka shaki galinaaya in sil cis afgooye katalin jiray iyo in kale galadi ha ahaado ama cid kale odayaasha galadi hala weydiiyo arintaas. thanks.

      Ibrahim

      July 13, 2011 at 11:11 am

  8. abaaaaaaaaaaaaba anaa silcis ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh dj_freesh-@hotmail.com………………………………..waxaana kunoolaha southafrica,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,27788125517

    freesh

    June 22, 2011 at 9:23 pm

  9. masha qabil kena wa waxjiro ona jiri dono silcis hawiye aniga waxaa ahay silcis hawiye ina suldan cabdullahi sheq najii kunol nederlands holland thanks dhaman walalah silcis masha allah silcis

  10. masha allah qabil kena wa waxjiro ona jiri dono silcis hawiye aniga waxaa ahay silcis hawiye ina suldan cabdullahi sheq najii kunol nederlands holland thanks dhaman walalah silcis masha allah silcis

  11. Hi i surprias when som peopol talkin abut us silcis emper i am one of hostorian of silcis clian ajuuraan whos empair name and gareen calian and silcis clian whos admenstretions ledars ibraahim adeer whos comander of armey and that history started 10.000 yare be 4 jesus i you what more info contact me bye

    Ziad hussen

    May 1, 2012 at 7:36 pm

  12. Asc walaal aan ku baro beesha galadi oo ah beelaha u gu taariikhda dheer koofurta somalia galadi waxay ka koobantahay 2jilib oo ah 1 Tolwiine 2 Yabdhaale aan ku hormaro Tolwiine waxay ka kooban yihin 2 jilib oo kala ah Aytire iyo Ceelqode ceelqodana waxay u kalabaxan 7 laf oo curudkooda yahay abiikarow aytirana waxay u kala baxdaa 14 laf ahna curud kooda maandhaaw xasan wana waa dadka ugu badan beesha galadi markii laga hadlo dhabta

    Garyaqaan haani

    June 26, 2012 at 10:53 am


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